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Published in: Journal of Coptic Studies, 18, pp. 113–179. This paper consists of two parts. The first (§1 etc.) is a special commented mini-chrestomathy: I present grammatically classified Shenoutean passages, briefly commenting on their structure and analytic implications. Thereafter (§2 etc., “postliminaries”), I will share with the reader, at some length, reflections on issues arising from consideration of these texts, beginning with a discussion of the meaning and significance of...
Topics: Coptic language, Coptic syntax, Coptic grammar, juncture, Shenoute, rhetorics, linguistics
Published in: Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, pp. 269–276. Fifteen years on, we now have the second volume of fourth-century documentary texts – mainly letters – from Kellis (present-day Ismant el-Kharab, in the Dakhleh oasis), editing seventy-five new documents, added to the forty-five published in 1999.1 In fact, these are “two halves of a single work” (p.4). Given the syntactical and dialectal peculiarities of “dialect L*”, we by now have a corpus well...
Topics: book review, Coptic texts, Coptic language, documentary texts, linguistics
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Journal of Celtic Linguistics, 17, pp. 97–146. The paper assigns, in a ‘pointillistic’ structural profile, narrative functions to dyma and dyna , formal presentatives, in syntactic detail and macrosyntactic patterning, on the database of Kate Roberts’s short stories and novellas.1 The extensive distribution and rich functional range of these elements matches their formal complexity and narratological significance. This presentative pair, expanded by verbal, substantival or...
Topics: Welsh syntax, Kate Roberts, Welsh grammar, Welsh language, linguistics, presentatives
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Published in: Journal of Coptic Studies, 16, pp. 155–193. This paper ponders analytically the Circumstantial and Relative Conversions in Coptic (CC, RC), seen especially as satellital, in the [nucleus — satellite (expansion)] dependences. I wish to present here some progressions of thought about central topics and vexed questions concerning the CC, which is arguably among the “most Egyptian” of Coptic grammatical features, familiar as they may be, as a basis for a typological profile....
Topics: circumstantial conversion, relative conversion, structural linguistic analysis, linguistics, Coptic...
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: B. ’hors Anne, et al., ed. Coptica Argentoratensia. Conférences et documents de la 3e université d’été en papyrologie copte (Strasbourg, 18-25 juillet 2010). Paris. Paris: De Boccard, pp. 59–66. Speaking metaphorically, the array of distinctive linguistic traits is a portrait or profile, not a check-list or catalogue. This means that we are considering, not a list but systemic co-occurrence and/or combination and/or hierarchy of features that is distinctive. This,...
Topics: linguistic forensics, authorship, Shenoute, Coptic language, linguistics, Coptic syntax, authorship...
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Published in: Journal of Celtic Linguistics, 16, pp. 81–111. Following an early brief attempt at a formal-and-functional resolution of the pre-verbal elements fe- and mi- in narrative (Shisha-Halevy 1995: Excurse II), these two discourse-function converters are examined again, as part of a comprehensive narrative-grammatical study of Kate Roberts’s fiction. Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission and by his request.
Topics: pre-verbal elements, fe, mi, Welsh syntax, narrative grammar, Kate Roberts, linguistics
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, 139, pp. 105–112. On the following pages, we propose to present and discuss our database for some features of Coptic, deviating from the “canonical” picture as seen in the grammars, from L. Stern’s to B. Layton’s, and in the grammatical literature generally. These are Lesefrüchte , and the treatise more of a work-note than a conclusive and systematic discussion; it is meant to attract attention, but also a...
Topics: Coptic syntax, circumstantial stative, nominal sentence, copula, linguistics
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Published in: Narratives of Egypt and the Ancient Near East. Leuven. Leuven: Peeters. In the course of an exploratory study of ‘Shenoute’s rhetorical syntax’, a comprehensive investigation of the syntactic poetics of rhetorical complexes (the grammatical high-order signifiers, for which the signified ‘added-value’ is ‘rhetoricity’), I have encountered a textemic set of rhetorical narrative structures which, I believe, provides important new insights on the grammatical nature,...
Topics: rhetorical texts, rhetoricity, Shenoute, Coptic langage, Sahidic Coptic
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Kelten am Rhein: Akten des dreizehnten Internationalen Keltologiekongressesvon LVR Landesmuseum Bonn, Verein von Altertumsfreunden im Rheinlande Mainz. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, pp. 270–277. The converb, in its least specific and sharp resolution, is used to mean ‘adverbial verb form’, or ‘verbal adverb’ (see the subtitle of Haspelmath and König 1995). Mostly and for long it has been known, in the description of various languages, as ‘gerund’. Definition of the...
Topics: converbs, Celtic languages, Welsh language, Irish language, syntactic slots, adverbs
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: C. G. Häberl, ed. Afroasiatic Studies in Memory of Robert Hetzron. Newcastle upon Tyne. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, pp. 95–105. The term and its diffusion. The converb, in its vaguest and least critical, also least specific resolution - cf. the notorious conceptual muddle involving -ing forms and constructions in English - is used as meaning “adverbial verb form”, or “verbal adverb”; see the subtitle of Haspelmath and König (eds.) 1995.; mostly and for...
Topics: converbs, Egyptian language, Coptic language, syntactic slots, adverbs
Published in: Chronique d’Egypte, 84, pp. 136–152. This work of Jean Winand’s aims at providing an account of Tense and Aspect (or rather Aspect and Tense) systems in Egyptian: this (notwithstanding the focus on Old and Middle Egyptian, with Late Egyptian rather thinly treated, and Demotic and Coptic virtually absent) is a staggeringly ambitious undertaking. It implies a confidence in our comprehension of Egyptian, synchronic and diachronic, which this reviewer must admire, but cannot...
Topics: book review, Jean Winand, tense, aspect, TAM, Egyptian language
Published in: A. Giewekemeyer, ed. Liber Amicorum: Jürgen Horn zum Dank. Göttingen. Göttingen: Göttingen Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie der Universität, pp. 113–129. The following are notes taken in the course of an ongoing long-term study on “Shenoute’s Rhetorical Syntax”, mapping the grammatical (mainly syntactic) poetics of Shenoute’s published and unpublished work, with a focus on rhetorical value and effect of forms and constructions. I wish to present here...
Topics: rhetorical grammar, Shenoute, rhetorical syntax, rhetorics, Coptic language
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Published in: Studies in Semitic and General Linguistics in Honor of Gideon Goldenberg (Alter Orient und Altes Testament vol. 334). Münster. Münster: Ugarit Verlag, pp. 223–254. Barring the Nominal Sentence, Egyptian grammatical study of the heroic age, from Old Egyptian to Middle Egyptian, from K. Sethe to H. J. Polotsky, was mainly concerned with the verbal system and verb syntax. What has been stated about nominal syntax beyond the very basics would not exceed, all grammarians told, a...
Topics: determination, definite article, Egyptian language, Middle Egyptian, Old Egyptian, syntax
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: H. Stammerjohann, ed. Lexicon Grammaticorum. Polotsky, Hans Jakob , b. Sep. 13, 1905, Zürich, Switzerland, d. Aug. 10, 1991, Jerusalem, Israel; Egyptologist, Semitist, and Orientalist. P. was born to Russian-speaking parents who emigrated from the Crimea and settled in Germany. From an early age he was well versed in Classical languages, esp. in Greek, and studied hieroglyphic Egyptian and Hebrew. In the universities of Berlin and Göttingen he studied Egyptology (with K. Sethe),...
Topics: biography, in memoriam, H. J. Polotsky, linguist, linguistics
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Published in: G. Goldenberg & A. Shisha-Halevy, ed. Proceedings, Ancient Egyptian, Neo-Semitic - Methods in Linguistics: Workshop in Memory of H.J. Polotsky. Jerusalem. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, pp. 92–105. This is a methodological and theoretical essay. In the following notes, I wish to present some reflections and raise certain questions on the tensions between terminology, conceptualization and analytic models on the one hand and linguistic reality on...
Topics: linguistics concepts, H. J. Polotsky, linguistics, Egyptian language, Coptic language
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Lingua Aegyptia, 14, pp. 7–14. One hundred years after the birth of our Master and fourteen years after his sudden death, in the peak of his research activity, the scholarly world of linguistics is, both essentially and technically, very different from, and probably less attractive than the one he knew and worked in. Still, not one of the peculiarities of modern scholarship was unheralded or indeed unknown when he was still alive. We, his disciples, frequently wonder, sadly, as...
Topics: biographic, in memoriam, H. J. Polotsky, linguists, linguistics
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Orientalia, 75 (1), pp. 132–133. The second edition of Bentley Layton’s A Coptic Grammar with Chrestomathy and Glossary: Sahidic Dialect , so quickly replacing the first of 2000, can only be viewed with gratification, answering as it does the evident demand that it must imply. The main improvement and real expansion of the present edition is in its Index of Citations. (“Revised and Expanded With an Index of Citations”: the question of what constitutes “revision” —...
Topics: book review, Sahidic Coptic, grammar, Bentley Layton, Coptic language
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Published in: Journal of Celtic Linguistics, 9, pp. 83–103. The Modern Welsh epistolary texteme is here introduced and briefly examined, on the basis of the correspondence of Kate Roberts and Saunders Lewis. Following some preliminary general comments on the texteme, six syntactical topics are discussed – the nynegocentric deixis and tensing; presentation; focalization, topicalization and related issues; the epistolary narrative; allocutive and reactive elements; parenthesis – with a view...
Topics: Kate Roberts, Saunders Lewis, Welsh language, syntax, Welsh syntax, text-linguistic, letters,...
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Jan 18, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Das Alte Ägypten und seine Nachbarn: Festschrift Helmut Satzinger. Krems. Krems: Österreichisches Literaturforum, pp. 245–302. H. J. Polotsky’s “Syntaxe amharique et syntaxe turque” (1960a), the Master’s only article in a properly speaking General Linguistics (typological-comparative) genre, the paper opening Polotsky’s Collected Papers (Jerusalem: the Magnes Press, 1971), has drawn little attention outside the small circle of the Jerusalem School and its adherents,...
Topics: linguistic typology, Sprachbund, Celtic languages, Egyptian language, linguistic comparison, syntax
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This is beyond doubt the finest Coptic grammar ever written, a splendid achievement, masterfully carrying out the formidable task of making the leap from Stern’s pre-scientific (if insightful) Koptische Grammatik of 1880, to bridge a century of Coptic and Egyptian linguistic study. By painstaking and elegant grammatical charting, the Sahidic dialect of Coptic now has a definitive, authoritative description, which I daresay will be superseded only if the corpus changes considerably. The work...
Topics: book review, Sahidic Coptic, grammar, Bentley Layton
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Published in: Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie, 53, pp. 230–258. In the following pages, I wish to present some preliminary reflections and some relevant documentation, upon attempting to understand the grammatical phenomenology of cohesion or linkage. This, I believe, is of the most fascinating, perhaps the most fascinating topic of syntax, for here is something close to the very quintessence of textuality — hence, of grammaticality itself, bearing in mind Louis Hjelmslev’s opening...
Topics: juncture, Welsh syntax, cohesion, Kate Roberts, Welsh language
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Published in: Orientalia, 71, pp. 298–308. The work under review presents in full, with a translation and extensive erudite philological, textual and grammatical annotations, detailed indices and long descriptive, historical and linguistics introductions, the elegant editio princeps of forty-four Coptic texts (fifty-four epistolary and documentary texts in all, of which fifty-two are papyri) from the site of Ismant el-Kharab (the Dakhle oasis, at the Roman-period village of Kellis). All were...
Topics: Coptic language, letters, documentary texts, dialectology, Coptic dialectology, book review
Published in: E. Poppe, A. Shisha-Halevy, and R. Sornicola, ed. Word Order — Stability and Change over Time. Amsterdam / Philadelphia. Amsterdam / Philadelphia: J. Benjamins, pp. 71–100. The linguistic study of Egyptian, fully deciphered only about 150 years ago, is a young discipline: modern Egyptian linguistics, dating more or less from the work of Hans-Jakob Polotsky, is much younger still: no more than about half a century old. Coptic, the final stage of Egyptian, dead as a spoken...
Topics: diachronic linguistics, Egyptian language, language development, stability and change, Celtic...
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Jan 16, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Studia Celtica, 33, pp. 155–234. The Nominal Sentence is a convenient code-name for a specific predicative pattern set primarily predicating nouns (that is substantives or adjectives) and pronominals, characterized, not by ‘the absence of a verb’, but as a distinct nexus type that is sometimes paradigmatically opposed (or, in given environments, opposition-neutralized) to both verbal and statal adverb-rheme nexus, and in any case one for which verbal nexus has no...
Topics: Middle Welsh, Mabinogi, Middle Welsh syntax, structural linguistic analysis, nominal sentence,...
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Jan 16, 2018 Helmut Satzinger and Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Lingua Aegyptia, 6, pp. 167–176. The Heroe, Scourge of Ingénuité and Naïveté , couched his Lance and spurred his mighty Stallion. He bore on the trembling enemy like a tempest, charged him en véritable sanglier , and — a few echoing pages and many poignant footnotes later — what had been nasty Standardtheorie (more conveniently known to its rather dubious friends as ‘the Snark’) was left a wretched, bloody bundle of opinions squirming on the ground. O great...
Topics: Pascal Vernus, Standardtheorie, Middle Egyptian, book review
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Jan 16, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Bibliotheca Orientalis, 55 (5/6), pp. 587–600. 0.1 The book under review is structured as follows: Presentation of the texts, previous work on them, features of the corpus; the structure of nominal phrases (bases, determiners and quantifiers, their lexical expansions; clausal expansions, the augens, number and gender, adjectives; partitive, genitival and appositive constructions). Special types of noun (PNs, numbers, verbal nouns). Verb phrases and verb clauses (bases and their...
Topics: book review, Demotic, Egyptian lanugage, Robert Simpson
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Published in: Modern Literary Welsh Narrative Grammar: two features described. Journal of Celtic Linguistics, 6, pp. 63–102. Two narrative feature sets of Modern Literary Welsh are studied, on the basis of a mixed corpus (works by Kate Roberts, J.G. Williams, Islwyn Ffowc Elis, Y Faner ): First, the infinitive (Alias verb-noun) co-ordinated to a finite verb form, as constituent of a compound “micro-episodal” narrative tense; the infinitive as an “entry-making” form, in a special...
Topics: infinitive, aorist, present, future, future-present, verb-noun, Modern Literary Welsh, Welsh...
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Studia Celtica, 29, pp. 321–325. We must certainly give Gareth King the credit of putting the more informal varieties of the language on the map of linguistic description. However, when a work titled ‘Comprehensive Grammar’ professes on its first page the conviction that ‘… for the serious student of any language, grammar is a key to understanding and not an obstacle’ (vii), it is not over-rash to suspect the author has (or has had) some deep-lying misgivings about...
Topics: book review, linguistics, Welsh language, Welsh grammar, Gareth King
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Divitiae Aegyptii (Krause Festschrift). Wiesbaden. Wiesbaden: Reichert, pp. 300–314. The conjunctive is still the most mystifying clause-form in Egyptian, from LE through Demotic to Coptic. For several reasons, including its shadowy origins and puzzling morphology, but especially because of its elusive semantics and syntactic properties, and indeed, its syntactic essentials, it is still not clearly understood and probably often misinterpreted. […] Uploading this article to the...
Topics: Egyptian language, conjunctive, verbal system, diachrony, synchrony
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Studia Celtica, 29, pp. 127–223. This article is the first in a series of corpus-based profiles or sketches of certain central subsystems of Mabinogi Middle Welsh grammar. These aim at putting pattern-sets, patterns and pattern details in their proper perspectives of values, relevancies and relationship network, by applying structural-analytic procedure to complex phenomena of synax hitherto not treated systematically in this approach. viz. in terms of oppositions and...
Topics: Middle Welsh, Mabinogi, Middle Welsh syntax, structural linguistic analysis, converters
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Coptology: Past, Present and Future. Leuven. Leuven: Peeters, pp. 225–247. While the usual paradigmatic (binary or “polyvalent”) conception of grammatical opposition as envisaged by the Geneva, Prague and Copenhagen structural schools is unidimensional , representing the tension between two poles, more complex oppositions are often observable. These are “disjointable” i.e. decomposable and resolvable into two or more “simple” paradigms, yet, in actual linguistic...
Topics: structural linguistics, structuralism, Coptic language, linguistic analysis, linguistic...
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: the Coptic Encyclopaedia, pp. 202–204. “Shenutean Coptic” is the term applied to the idiom, including the grammatical norm and stylistic-phraseological usage, observable in the corpus of writing by the archimandrite Apa Shenute (334–451), outstanding among Coptic literary sources in that it constitutes the single most extensive homogenous and authentic testo di lingua for Sahidic and Coptic in general. […] Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the...
Topics: Coptic language, Sahidic Coptic, Shenoute, Shenute, idiomatics, Coptic corpus, encyclopedic article
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: the Coptic Encyclopaedia, pp. 54–60. A major dialect of Coptic, called “ Memphitic ”, ‘the northern dialect”, or “dialect of Lower Egypt” in earlier terminology, or simply “Coptic” in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century treatises, Bohairic being the first Coptic dialect with which Western scholarship became aquainted. “Bohairic” ( B ) was first used by Stern (1880, p. xii). Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission...
Topics: Coptic language, Bohairic, Bohairic dialect, dialectology, encyclopedia article, Coptic encyclopedia
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: the Coptic Encyclopaedia, pp. 194–202. Sahidic (siglum S ) is a major Coptic dialect, earlier known as Upper Egyptian, Theban, or the southern dialect; the term “Sahidic”, used by Athanasius of Qūṣ, was adopted by Stern (1880). In twentieth-century Coptology, S has been the main dialect of study and research—indeed Coptic par excellence m today totally supplanting Bohairic in this respect (compare, for instance, its precedence in Crum, 1939, to that of Bohairic in...
Topics: Coptic language, Sahidic, Sahidic dialect, dialectology, encyclopedia article, Coptic encyclopedia
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Jan 15, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Journal of Coptic Studies, 1, pp. 99–127. In the following pages, I wish to scan a neglected, if familiar, construction of Coptic for some of its most striking formal and functional, paradigmatic and syntagmatic aspects of significance nd implications. I refer to the construction sometimes called the “tautological”, “absolute”, or paronomastic infinitive, in which an infinitive is followed by a homolexemic (or otherwise related) finite verbal form, the two constituting...
Topics: tautological infinitive, syntax, Coptic syntax, syntactic analysis
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Orientalia, 58, pp. 247–254. A review article of Éric Doret, The Narrative Verbal System of Old and Middle Egyptian . The importance of the narrative parole to descriptive grammar is (esp. in a written or dead language) greater than that of dialogue, because of the heavier contribution of pragmatic factors and circumstances in the latter case; that is, in narrative these are “segmented” and cotextually given and the “environmental” factor is therefore much more...
Topics: book review, Egyptian syntax, Egyptian verb, Egyptian language, Old Egyptian, Middle Egyptian
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109, pp. 421–435. In a review article of the first edition of the Hieratic text in P. Vandier , an attempt is made to locate the linguistic usage of the story on the recto in Egyptian diachrony. Taken as a corpus consistently and coherently representative and état de langue , the text is systematically scanned for grammatical features and feature clusters as cumulative indications of affinity with Late Egyptian or alternatively Demotic....
Topics: Demotic language, Papyrus Vandier, Hieratic script, linguistic analysis
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Orientalia, 58, pp. 28–60. This series of notes is meant to suggest and define relevant issues and systemic implications, reflecting on certain not unimportant grammatical phenomena of Demotic. They constitute annotated documentation or record, combining the time-honoured categories of “Miszellen”, “Lesefrüchte”, and “Vermischte Beiträge” (In the spirit of A. Tobler’s [1886–1912], on Old French and Romance syntax. Often, they suggest diachronic “tie-ins”...
Topics: Demotic language, Demotic syntax, Egyptian diachrony
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Wien, Verband der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaften Österreichs (VWGÖ). The present investigation, which is to be view as a seminal or pilot study of proper-name grammar in Coptic rather than a definitive “Grammar of Proper Names”, attempts to observe the PN environmentally (in both syntagmatic and paradigmatic dimensions of grammatical environment, examining commutabilities and compatibilities), its syntactic incorporation, especially its signalling  — the formal means for its...
Topics: proper name, Coptic syntax, Coptic language, structural linguistics, nominals
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Leuven, Peeters. (I). Aims and conception . The following reasoned collection of text is intended to serve as a means for acquiring acquaintance with the elements of Sahidic Coptic grammar, giving the student the competence and confidence which should enable him to deal subsequently with any Coptic text as far as grammatical analysis and translation is concerned; it is meant for students approaching the language for its general linguistic, Egyptological, theological or literary interests. This...
Topics: Coptic grammar, Coptic language, Sahidic Coptic, chrestomathy, learning Coptic
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Orientalia, 56, pp. 147–175.     The book before us [Callender’s Studies in the Nominal Sentence in Egyptian and Coptic ] is not a reworking of the author’s 1970 University of Chicago dissertation — and this is a disappointment, for here one misses much important information on the Nominal Sentence (NS) which was provided in the dissertation, such as predicate constituency (Chap. I), predicate determination (II) and apposition (V). Yet the present monograph merits more...
Topics: general linguistics, linguistic methodology, methodology, structural linguistics, generative...
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This book is not a Coptic grammar, nor is it cast in the semblance of one: it is a series of studies of a fairly central area of Coptic syntax, a detailed systematic charting of a subsystem or more or less continuous range of grammatical phenomena. Uploading this book to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission and by his request.
Topics: Shenoute, Copotic grammar, syntax, Coptic language
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Journal of the American Oriental Society, 106:4 (1986), pp. 641–658. A structural, corpus-based role examination of the Middle Egyptian particle element written jrf/rf shows it to be anything but simple or monolithic. Scanning its environmental distribution as well as its micro- and macro-syntactic compatibilities and it commutabilities we arrive at two more structural identities (i.e., function correlatable with distinct formal entities): (a) an analyzable,...
Topics: Middle Egyptian, linguistics, syntax, structural linguistics, augens
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Jan 8, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Enchoria, 13, pp. 97–102. In a terminological note with the title, “The Possessive Relation Marker in Coptic” ( Enchoria 12:191–193, 1984), P. Swiggers criticizes and corrects the conventional designation “possessive article” or “possessive prefix” for ⲡⲁ-/ⲧⲁ-/ⲛⲁ- “he/she/they of-” and, much less explicitly, {ⲡⲉϥ-} “his”. Following several arguments meant to establish that these morpheme set(s) are “neither an article, nor a prefix”,...
Topics: Coptic syntax, Coptic language, terminology, linguistics
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Jan 7, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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There can be no doubt that of all issues of Coptic pattern grammar, it is the Nominal Sentence that has had the most monographic attention. Whatever the reasons for this special cultivation — the relative familiarity of this pattern set (known in similar forms from Egyptian and Semitic), its (again relative) compactness and transparency as regards internal structure and external relations of its constituents, the urge of typological interest in a verbless prediction pattern — the happy...
Topics: nominal sentence, Coptic language, syntax, linguistics
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Published in: Chronique d’Egypte , 58 , pp. 311–329. The book before us is by no means yet another text edition: it is difficult to overstate its importance — comparable, in my opinion, to that of Thompson’s Subakhmîmic John — or over-praise the editor for a perfect execution of his task. This edition will, I believe, prove a veritable milestone in the story of Coptic grammatical and dialectological research. For here wer are offered the first extensive testo di lingua for this...
Topics: Akhmimic coptic, Coptic language, linguistics, dialectology, Egyptian dialectology, Coptic...
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Jan 7, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: D. W. Young, ed. Studies Presented to H.J. Polotsky. Beacon Hill, pp. 413–438. More than fifty years have elapsed since Sethe’s invaluable treatise (Sethe 1925) laid the foundations of the modern conception of Egyptian diachrony (his monumental Verbum [1899] had been more of a diachronic invenyory of grammar). Therein he collected and appraised many correspondences and oppositions between “Coptic” and “Demotic” (the latter really meaning “pre-Coptic Egyptian), which...
Topics: Coptic language, Egyptian language, Demotic, Egyptian diachrony, historical linguistics
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Jan 7, 2018 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Published in: Folia Linguistica Historica , 2 , pp. 113–141. The following discussion aims primarily at a tentative application of explicit text-linguistic analytic procedure to a special Late Egyptian corpus hitherto subjected but to superficial linguistic attention, viz. the Egyptian oracular texts (here I shall examine the Late Egyptian, not the Demotic evidence). However, a secondary goal of this paper is to make a contribution towards an aspect of a general theory of the dialogue: in...
Topics: Coptic language, linguistics, text-linguistics, dialogue, oracular texts
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Published in: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 61, pp. 256–257. The following cases of adverbial (and seemingly frozen) ⲉϥⲥⲱⲧⲙ̅, analysable as a circumstantially converted present form, have been noted by me; the third-person-singular masculine actor-suffix has here neutral value and impersonal reference (not being commutable with any specific substantive lexeme): […] Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done by the author’s request.
Topics: Coptic language, linguistics, impersonal constructions, circumstantial sentences
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May 25, 2017 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission and by his request.
Topics: Coptic language, linguistics, proverbs
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May 25, 2017 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Relatively few of the hundreds of non-literary Late Egyptian ostraca, more than 40 years ago published by J. Černý in facsimile and hieroglyphic transliteration (esp. in CGC, Deir el Medineh ), have had to date close attention, let lone grammatical consideration. No wonder, then, the small, obscure text on the ostracon Cairo 207579 , recto has never been analyzed or translated but once mention¹. If, however, the theory offered below is valid, this small shred will certainly prove to be of...
Topics: Late Egyptian ostraca, Semitic languages, linguistics
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May 25, 2017 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission and by his request.
Topics: Coptic language, Pre-Coptic Egyptian, linguistics
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May 25, 2017 Ariel Shisha-Halevy
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I wish to add the folowing examples and references to my article on the Tripartite protatic ⲉϥⲥⲱⲧⲙ: […] Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission and by his request.
Topics: Coptic language, linguistics
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Coptic disposes of two procedures to express the substantival relative clause (‘he who…’, ‘that which…’ etc.), namely, either by substituting a substantivator morpheme (of the ⲡ-/ⲧ-/ⲛ- paradigm) for the antecedent, yet in close juncture with the relative-converted form: ⲡⲉⲧ-, ⲡⲉⲛⲧⲁϥ-, ⲡⲉϣⲁϥ-, etc.; or by having an indefinite pronoun or pronominal (ⲟⲩⲁ, ⲣⲱⲙⲉ, ϩⲟⲉⲓⲛⲉ: ‘one’, ‘any’, ‘some’) as antecedent to a...
Topics: Coptic language, linguistics
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Dec 6, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from General Linguistics 32.1, pp. 58–66. Summary : How many nominal cases are there in modern Albanian? The information presented by grammars of Albanian, referring to the simple forms of the noun word, is that there are five cases, […] Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission. This article on Academia.edu .
Topics: Albanian language, nominal cases, syntax, morphology, general linguistics
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Dec 6, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from the Encyclopaedia Hebraica (Hebrew). First paragraph : רוֹזֵן (רוֹזֶנרַאוּך), חַיִּים בָּרוּךְ (נו׳ 1922, וינה), בלשן ישראלי. מ־1939 למד באוניברסיטה העברית לימודים קלאסיים, לשון עברית ומתמאטיקה וקיבל שם תואר דוקטור. לאחר השתלמות בצרפת יסד ב־1953 עם פּוֹלוֹצקי (ע״ע) חוג לבלשנות בירושלים — הראשון...
Topics: Haiim Baruch Rosén, Haiim Rosén, linguists, encyclopedic articles
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Dec 6, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from the Encyclopaedia Hebraica (Hebrew). First sentence : מַרְטִינֶה, אַנְדְרֶה — André Martinet — (נו׳ 1908), בלשן צרפתי. מ׳ למד בלשנות אַנגלית בפּריס ובבּרלין, ומ־1938 הוֹרה ב„ביה״ס המעשי ללימודים גבוהים” בפּריס. Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission. This article on Academia.edu .
Topics: André Martinet, Martinet, linguists, encyclopedic articles
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Dec 6, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from the Encyclopaedia Hebraica (Hebrew). First paragraph : פְרֵי, אַנְרִי — Henri Frei — (נו׳ 1899), בלשן שוויצי. באוניברסיטות זֶ׳נוָה ופּריס למד פ׳ לשונות המזרח־הרחוק ובלשנות כללית, ועם מוריו נמנָה דה סוֹסיר (ע״ע [3]). בשנים 1932/4 שהה בפֶּקינג, ולימד באוניברסיטה שם. בשנים 1940/69 היה פרופסור לבלשנות...
Topics: Henri Frei, Frei, linguists, encyclopedic articles
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Jul 30, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article published in Studies Presented to Hans Jakob Polotsky , edited by D. W. Young. Beacon Hill. Mass.: Pirtle & Polson, pp. 1–20. Summary : There is much talk in Modern Greek Grammar about a subjunctive because forms like χάσω, when preceded by νά, have functions reminiscent of the subjunctive in Ancient Greek. By extrapolation, χάνω is said to serve as subjunctive too, beside its indicative function, because with νά it too behaves like a subjunctive. Since many...
Topics: Modern Greek language, converters, Polotsky
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Jul 30, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article published in Cahiers Ferdinand de Saussure 33, pp. 7–20. Summary : Since the 1930s the use of neutralisation has been gaining ground, especially in Europe, both in phonology and in other linguistic sub-disciplines, yet not all linguistic schools find it necessary. Those who do, distinguish between mere absence of a phoneme in a certain environment and neutralisation . But this distinction fails sometimes in phonology and is not at all applicable on higher levels. Besides, quite a...
Topics: neutralisation, neutralization, general linguistics, structural linguistics, linguistic analysis,...
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Jul 30, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article published in Folia Linguistica XII:3–4 (1978), pp. 253–265. Summary : Bloomfield’s Immediate Constituent Analysis has been incorporated in Generative Grammar and seems widely accepted. The Dutch School, represented mainly by Reichling and Uhlenbeck, is perhaps the only one to consider it a worthless “parsing”. Checking this, one finds that Wells’s expansion principle is differently applied to phrases and to clauses: phrase analysis takes care of the meaning of the actual...
Topics: theme, rheme, immediate constituents analysis, general linguistics, structural linguistics
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An article published in Lešonénu 42:3–4 (1978), pp. 252–272. (Hebrew). Introduction : בדקדוק העברי נידונים בדרך כלל השם והתואר יחד, כשני סוגים של חלק־דיבר אחד. גם כשהם זוכים לטיפול נפרד, מתקבל הרושם שניתן לעבור מסוג אחד לשני, כלומר להעצים כל תואר ללא קושי. כדי לבדוק העצמה זו בעברית חדשה, בקורפוס לשוני בעל אופי...
Topics: Hebrew language, adjectives, nouns, attribution, predication
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An article from Folia Linguistica VII 3/4 (1975), pp. 209–220. First paragraph : “Il y a déjà plusieurs siècles que les grammairiens recherchent les lois par le jeu desquelles les adjectifs se placent avant ou après leurs substantifs épinglataires. Ils ne paraissent avoir donné pendant longtemps à cette question que des solutions de detail.” C’est en ces termes que Damourette et Pichon, Des mots à la pensée (t. II, 38) commencent leur traitement de la différence entre...
Topics: French language, adjectives, syntax, nominal phrase
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A Thesis Presented to the Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago for the Degree of Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology, 1983. The introduction: This thesis has two purposes: To clarify the relation of Alfred Adler’s thinking to the central trend in European Human Studies since the late 19th century: Structuralism. This I propose to do both for history of science’s sake and for my personal interest in the two. To examine central issues in one of the best formulated and formalized human...
Topics: Alfred Adler, Ferdinand de Saussure, Adlerian psychology, Saussurean linguistics, psychology,...
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Jul 26, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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A PhD thesis submitted to Universite de Paris (Sorbonne), 1971. Foreword : Il me faut dire quelques mots sur le sens général de cette thèse, ainsi que sur l’épithète “structurale” figurant dans son titre. J’emploie “structuralisme” dans le sens du structuralisme saussurien, surtout comme il a été prolongé par Louis Hjelmslev, ainsi que par “l’école de Jérusalem”, qui souligne tout particulièrement la nécessité de fonder l’analyse du langage sur une analyse...
Topics: Cappadocian Greek, Modern Greek, linguistic analysis, linguistic description, syntax
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Jul 26, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from Folia Linguistica XI 1/2 (1977), pp. 13–38. Summary : Scientific definitions of word all yield results which do not correspond to traditional word-boundaries. On the other hand traditional words cover all sizes of linguistic units, from the bare morph to the complete sentence. A word may belong to any “level” or to more than one. This means that the word might be left to everyday usage as a more or less stable but incidental agglutination of elements, but has no place in...
Topics: linguistics, structural linguistics, general linguistics, word-formation, linguistic analysis
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Jul 26, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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A chapter from the book ‘לזכרו של חיים ברוך רוזן: דברים שנאמרו במלאת שלושים למותו’ (2001, Jerusalem: Academia Scientiarum Israelitica), pp. 7–14. First paragraph : כשהגעתי בשנת 1961 לאוניברסיטה בגבעת רם בירושלים מצאתי את דרכי לחוג לבלשנות. נכנסתי לספרייה לבלשנות בבניין לאוטרמןשל אז, ששימשה גם משרד החוג,...
Topics: Haiim Rosén, eulogy, history of science
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Apr 26, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from the Encyclopaedia Hebraica (Hebrew). First paragraph : פֶרְת׳, ג׳וֹן רוּפּרְט — John Rupert Firth — (1890–1960), בלשן ופונטיקאי אַנגלי. פ׳ למד היסטוריה. מ־1915 לימד אַנגלית בהודו, ושירת בצבא — שם, באַפגַניסטַן ובאַפריקה. מ־1928 הורה פונֶטיקה, סוציולוגיה לשונית וּלשונות־המזרח באוניברסיטת לונדון, ובשנים...
Topics: John Rupert Firth, John Firth, Firth, linguists, encyclopedic articles
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Apr 26, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from Linguistics 204, pp. 43–56. Summary : The explanation of the historical present tense in Greek, Latin and modern languages has been occupying philologists ever since the revival of learning in Europe. The most current explanation is that the present makes the related facts more vivid, by presenting them in a tense which is synchronous with the moment of hearing or reading, thus making the hearer or reader more involved in the narrative. This kind of explanation, however,...
Topics: Greek language, Greek, historical present, narrative tenses, history of linguistics
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Apr 26, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from Lešonenu la Am 30.2 (Hebrew). מאמר מתוך לשוננו לעם , מחזור ל׳ קונטרס ב׳. Uploading this article to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission. This article on Academia.edu .
Topics: Hebrew language, Hebrew, spoken language, compounds, stress
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Apr 25, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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A book published in 1977; publisher: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, München. Uploading this book to the Internet Archive is done with the author’s permission. This book on Academia.edu .
Topics: Greek, Greek language, Attic Greek, Antiphontean Greek, Antiphon
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Apr 24, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from Bulletin de la Société de linguistique de Paris 70, pp. 179–202. Summary : En albanais les pronoms personnels ont, au nominatif, au datif et à l’accusatif, deux formes: atone et tonique. On croit savoir que ces formes figurent dans la phrase toutes seules, ou reprises par un pronom tonique ou un substantif; mais leur comportement n’a pas encore été décrit de façon systématique. Une recherche sur un petit corpus révèle tout d’abord quelques emplois...
Topics: Albanian language, Albanian
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Apr 24, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from Linguistics 163, pp. 5–18. Summary : Prenant l’enseignement syntaxique de M. A. Martinet comme une sorte de consensus entre structuralistes européens et américains, on essaye de déceler deux dénominateurs communs, centripète et centrifuge , pour tout un groupe de termes destinés à la description des rapports syntagmatiques ( expansion , déterminant , modalité , monème fonctionnel ). La définition donnée à deux autres termes, endocentrique et exocentrique , fait...
Topics: linguistics, general linguistics, structural linguistics
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Apr 24, 2016 Nimrod Barri
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An article from Linguistics 157, pp. 67–85. Summary : A subordinative construction is one with a nucleus and (a) satellite(s). This kind of analysis is mostly limited to traditional ‘syntax’, i.e., to relations between ‘words’, not within them; thus derivatives were only very recently included. Nor is it customary to apply this analysis to the construction article + noun. Yet the latter constructions have sometimes been described as subordinative, with contradicting results. The...
Topics: linguistics, general linguistics, structural linguistics, general linguistics